The more we care for the earth, the better our wine
We live on an amazing planet with a fundamental trait that makes it unique within the known universe: its climate system. The atmosphere makes life on Earth possible, which is why protecting the climate is one of the best ways of conserving nature and its fascinating biodiversity.
Solar radiation, oceans, volcanic activity, ice sheets and glaciers are among the elements that interact naturally with the Earth's atmosphere and influence our planet's climate, which has changed several times throughout history.
In the 19th century, industrialization ushered in a phenomenon separate from any natural system but capable of changing the atmosphere and with it, the climate: the increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions released by burning fossil fuels like oil, natural gas and coal.
WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT US?
CO2 is a gas found in the atmosphere that has a high heat-trapping capacity and contributes to the beneficial greenhouse effect that maintains the conditions for life on Earth.
But an increase in CO2 levels as a result of human activity is intensifying the greenhouse effect, causing the current warming trend and changing the overall climate.
This has caused the global average temperature to rise by almost one degree Celsius since the beginning of the 19th century, causing an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme natural events, including droughts, hurricanes, wild fires and floods.
This has brought scientists to the conclusion that the current climate change is the first in the planet's history driven not by natural but human-induced factors. They have called for a reduction in carbon emissions to hold the increase in temperature to well below 2oC above pre-industrial levels. If we cross this threshold, the consequences could be severe.
Winegrowing is an age-old tradition now facing a new challenge: adapting to human-induced climate change.
Climate is the most decisive factor in winemaking as well as the one most difficult to control. The vineyard is inextricably linked to shifts in season and temperature, and it is strongly affected by climate change, because the vine is one of the most sensitive plants when it comes to these kinds of variations.